Many critics of NAFTA saw the agreement as a radical experiment developed by influential multinationals who wanted to increase their profits at the expense of ordinary citizens of the countries concerned. Opposition groups argued that the horizontal rules imposed by nafta could undermine local governments by preventing them from enacting laws or regulations to protect the public interest. Critics also argued that the treaty would lead to a significant deterioration in environmental and health standards, promote privatization and deregulation of essential public services, and supplant family farmers in the signatory countries. · Both sides reaffirm their obligations as members of the International Labour Organization and strive to ensure that their national laws provide for labour standards consistent with internationally recognized labour principles. The agreement makes it clear that it is inappropriate to weaken or reduce occupational health and safety at the national level in order to promote trade or investment between the parties. · The free trade agreement is sensitive to concerns expressed by some members of Congress and some U.S. agricultural sectors, and the agreement uses tariff quotas to address these concerns. Annual trade in Australian goods and services in two directions is about $28 billion, and the United States has a $9 billion trade surplus with Australia. Australia is the 9th largest U.S. market for goods exports- The European Union is considered the only export destination. Since the first negotiations, agriculture has been a controversial topic within NAFTA, as has been the case with almost all free trade agreements signed under the WTO.
Agriculture was the only party that was not subject to trilateral negotiation; Three separate agreements have been signed between the two parties. The Canada-U.S. agreement provided for significant tariff restrictions and quotas for agricultural products (mainly sugar, dairy products and poultry products), while the Mexico-U.S. pact allowed for broader liberalization within a time frame (this was the first North-South free trade agreement for agriculture to be signed). [Clarification needed] Since Adam Smith praised the virtues of division of labour and David Ricardo explained the comparative advantage of trade with other nations, the modern world has become increasingly economically integrated.