A shareholders` pact (sometimes called the U.S. Shareholders` Pact) (SHA) is an agreement between shareholders or members of a company. In practice, it is analogous to a partnership agreement. It can be said that some legal systems do not properly define the concept of a shareholders` pact, regardless of the definition of the particular consequences of these agreements. There are advantages to the shareholder agreement; to be precise, it helps the company maintain the absence of advertising and maintain confidentiality. Nevertheless, some drawbacks should be taken into account, such as the limited effect on third parties (particularly assignees and stock buyers) and the change of agreed items may take time. Automatic transfers are usually triggered when a shareholder dies; is convicted of a crime; is dissolved or liquidated (if the shareholder is a corporation); Insolvency claims resigned from his job in the company (where the shareholder is also an employee); against the SHA; other incidental restrictions that may harm the business; or, among other things, an obligation to the company. Shareholders can determine which acts or omissions trigger an automatic transfer and, as long as they are clearly defined in the SHA, they are binding. Apart from the shareholders` pact, members of the company`s board of directors are generally required to sign a declaration of principle on conflicts of interest.
Small private companies often have shareholders who take on certain, if not all, directors. Thus, such conditions can be introduced to ensure that they do not abuse their powers when they eventually leave the company and to ensure the protection of the company. The strategic advantage of including it in the shareholders` pact is controversial. These clauses apply at least to executives, employees, consultants, agents and other parties through an independent contract. In most countries, registering a shareholder agreement is not necessary for it to be effective. Indeed, it is the greater perceived flexibility of contract law in relation to corporate law that provides much of the rationale for shareholder agreements.